TANZANIA: TRANSFORMATION OF AGRICULTURE

 

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In the year 2009, the Government of United Republic of Tanzania announced an initiative to modernize agriculture coined “Kilimo kwanza”. The “Implementation Framework” for Kilimo Kwanza is built around ten pillars:

 

  1. National Vision on Kilimo Kwanza – adopt the vision of Kilimo Kwanza by instilling political will at all levels of leadership and garnering commitment of all Tanzanians to the Kilimo Kwanza resolution and modernizing and commercializing agriculture for peasant, small, medium and large scale producers.
  2. Financing of Kilimo Kwanza by increasing the government budgetary allocation to Kilimo Kwanza, establishing and mobilizing resources for the Tanzania Agricultural Development Bank (TADB), establishing a special fund for Kilimo kwanza, supporting saccos and instituting policies that support commercialization of agriculture.
  3. Institutional reorganization for management of Kilimo Kwanza by instilling good governance, streamlining functions and establishing mechanisms for public/private ownership of Kilimo Kwanza
  4. Paradigm shift to strategic framework of Kilimo Kwanza by identifying priority areas for strategic food commodities for the country’s self sufficiency including the production of high value and horticultural crops, legislating contract farming and undertaking value chain analysis on priority commodities.
  5. Land for Kilimo Kwanza  – fast tracking the land delivery system, amending the Village Land Act No 5 of 1999 to facilitate equitable access to village land, allocating land to the land bank, effectively using land owned by government agencies, instituting structural changes in land management and fast tracking land dispute resolution.
  6. Creating incentives for Kilimo Kwanza by determining fiscal and other incentives to stimulate and increase competitiveness of agriculture, removing market barriers to agricultural commodities, price stabilization and strict adherence and enforcement of standard weights and measures.TZcattle
  7. Industrialization for Kilimo Kwanza to address the needs of agricultural producers, creating backward linkages between agriculture and industry,  improving seed production and increase utilization of fertilizers, managing post harvest losses and enhancing trade integration and management.
  8. Institute mechanism for effective utilization of science, technology and human resources for Kilimo Kwanza
  9. Identify infrastructure development needs for Kilimo Kwanza, rural electrification for agricultural transformation and creating market centers in every ward.
  10. Mobilization of government machinery, private sector and sensitization of all Tanzanians for Kilimo Kwanza

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